History of Scientific Women

Main achievements: First named woman in science.

Merit Ptah ("Beloved of the god Ptah") was an early physician in ancient Egypt. She is most notable for being the first woman known by name in the history of the field of medicine, and possibly the first named woman in all of science as well.

However, there is a doubt about the real existence of Merit Ptah, see: The story of that famous female physician from ancient Egypt is actually wrong, and also: Merit Ptah, “The First Woman Physician”: Crafting of a Feminist History with an Ancient Egyptian Setting .